In seeking to control Kashmir, Modi may look to China’s actions in Xinjiang and Tibet

Hong Kong (CNN)The gleaming white bullet train whips through the Chinese countryside, past endless construction sites and new towns. Kashmir and Xinjiang share many similarities. Both have long been regions of disputed sovereignty, where a predominantly Muslim minority has pushed against control by a non-Muslim state, and both are now facing increased pressure in countries once committed to multiethnic pluralities that have taken a turn for majoritarian assimilation. Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang have been minoritized in many cities and faced increased competition for jobs from Han migrants. At the same time, they have been subjected to draconian surveillance and policing, with up to 2 million people detained in what critics call “re-education camps,” according to expert estimates. Uyghur activists have …

Pakistan Fast Facts

(CNN)Here’s a look at Pakistan. It borders Iran, Afghanistan and India in Southeast Asia. In 1947, Pakistan gained its independence from Great Britain. Capital: Islamabad Ethnic Groups: Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3% Religion: Muslim 96.4%, other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.061 trillion (2017 est.) GDP per capita: $5,400 (2017 est.) Unemployment: 6% (2017 est.) Timeline:August 16, 1947 – Great Britain gives independence to the Indian subcontinent, splitting it into India, West Pakistan and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). 1947-1948 – Pakistan fights its first war against India over control of the Kashmir area. 1965 – Pakistan and India fight their second war over Kashmir. …